Thursday, August 27, 2020

Balloon Powered Car free essay sample

Maria Chriscia Y. Andres 10-SCA Title: The Balloon Powered Car Racer Background of the Study: Sir Isaac Newton created three laws of movement in 1665 when he was just 23 years of age. These laws reformed how science clarified development by depicting how the powers following up on an article are answerable for the object’s movement. Inflatable fueled vehicle racer is driven via air originating from a flattening inflatable. As an option of utilizing power, these vehicles utilize the Law of Action and Reaction (Newton’s Third Law of Motion). The vehicle is pushed forward, because of the air originating from a swelled inflatable. The getting away from air is the activity, a power that demonstrations towards the other way. Furthermore, this is the motivation behind why the inflatable fueled vehicle racer is being pushed forward. The development of the vehicle the other way is the thing that we called the response. Proclamation of the Problem: * The size of the inflatable influences the speed of the vehicle. We will compose a custom article test on Inflatable Powered Car or then again any comparative subject explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page * The structure of the vehicle influences its speed. * The heaviness of the vehicle influences its speed. Plan of Hypothesis: I speculate that the size of inflatable, structure and weight of the vehicle has an immediate connection with the speed. As such the development of the vehicle is subject to the size of the inflatable, while the structure and weight of the vehicle is another factor to secure a quick and angry speed. Noteworthiness of the Study: these days of consistent danger to our condition, there are different methods of diminishing air contamination and vitality utilization is being investigated. Vehicles whose discharges are a piece of the components that add to air contamination, are being altered to be greater condition inviting. In any case, these vehicles are costly to create. Larger part of the populace, particularly here in the Philippines, can't manage the cost of a profoundly vitality effective and condition inviting vehicle. Likewise, issues like the removal of huge amounts of electric vehicle batteries will emerge. This exploration intends to address this issue by examining the boundaries that influence the effectiveness of inflatable fueled vehicle racers. Definition’s term: * Efficient gainful of wanted effects;â especiallyâ :â productive without squander * Emissions placing into flow. * Deflating to discharge air or gas from. to diminish in size, significance, or viability. * Inflated enlarged with air or gas. extended to a strange or outlandish volume or level. being empty and augmented or extended. * Propelled to drive forward or ahead by or as though by methods for a power that bestows movement. * Parameters any of a lot of physical properties whose qualities decide the attributes or conduct of something. a self-assertive consistent w hose worth portrays an individual from a framework (as a group of curves);â alsoâ :â a amount (as a mean or difference) that depicts a factual populace. * Revolutionized to change on a very basic level or totally.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

English Literature Antigone Ismene Thebes

English Literature Antigone Ismene Thebes Antigone Ismene Thebes Inductive paper of Antigone In the play Antigone, composed by Sophocels, there are numerous confusions. The most significant occasion is the executing of Antigone’s two siblings, Eteocles and Polynices. It was the primary motivation for the entire play. Everything begins in the wake of King Oedipus was exiled from the city of Thebes after he realizes that he has killed his dad, his more youthful child Eteocles announces to be the lord, banishing his more established sibling Polyneices. Polyneices at that point assaults Thebes with an immense armed force, yet none of the two siblings wins the war since the two of them execute each other in battle. Creon at that point announces the realm of Thebes, and he concludes that Eteocles ought to be covered and respected as a saint while Polyneices body shouldn’t be regarded, yet it ought to be tossed in the boulevards of Thebes left for canines and winged creatures to be eaten in mortification. Creon concludes that the discipline for attempting to cover the assemblage of Polyneices will be demise. Antigone, Eteocles and Polynices’ sister, demands that her siblings body must be covered with the goal that his soul can find happiness in the hereafter, regardless of the careful counsel of her more youthful sister, Ismene. She goes to the battleground, pouring sand over Polyneices body and performing entombment rituals. After that the gatekeepers finds that somebody was attempting to cover the body, they reveal the residue from the body, and they begins to search for who does that. Antigone returns demanding covering her brother’s body .She at long last permits herself to be caught in the wake of coming out of concealing when a few watchmen attempt to reveal the body once more, and a defiant Antigone is brought to Creon. He chooses to execute just Antigone since Ismenes is guiltless and Antigone is sent outside of Thebes to starve to death in a cavern. Despite the fact that Antigone was only a young lady took off alone, she f aces numerous obstructions without anyone else to do what she trusts it is directly with no worries about the outcomes. The main hindrance that faces Antigone was her sister, Ismene. They were the main two relatives left after their father’s passing and their two brothers’ dishonorable war against one another and executing each other in the war zone. Rather than supporting her sister, and attempting to keep what’s left of the family together, Ismene surrenders Antigone and attempts to persuade her to comply with the king’s orders. The creator cites Ismene saying â€Å"The most noticeably awful of all in the event that we damage the laws and supersede the fixed declaration of the seat, its capacity we should be reasonable. Recall that we are ladies, we’re not destined to fight with men† (Sophocles 1144). Plainly Ismene is so alarmed of Antigone’s choice to cover her sibling Polyneices. It is additionally clear how Creon, the ruler, put his dread in his people’s minds so he will has full power over his realm. Antigone doesn’t stress over Cre on’s discipline and chooses to proceed. The creator cites her noting her sister â€Å" So, do as you like, whatever suits you best-I’ll cover him myself. What's more, regardless of whether I bite the dust in the demonstration, that passing will be a glory.† (Sophocles 1144). This statement shows how decided Antigone is to cover her sibling without having any worries about the outcome. It additionally shows how she considers the passing a magnificence to her for doing what’s she accepts is correct. She considers respecting her sibling by giving stitch the best possible internment is her commitment. Antigone defeats this deterrent by pardoning her sister from joining her to cover their sibling. The second impediment that faces Antigone is simply the ruler. He needed to drive his position and control over the realm after the aggravation that occurred in Thebes. He needs his requests and orders to be trailed by everybody. Creon makes a beast of himself to frighten his kin; he enjoys force, authority, and to be complied. That’s why everyone was terrified and hesitant to resist Creon with the exception of Antigone. She did what’s right; she wasn’t even apprehensive when the gatekeepers captured her, she boldly gave up to them (1152). Creon felt that he lost his capacity and authority once Antigone resist his requests. Creon says, â€Å"This young lady was experienced at discourteousness when she abrogated the decrees we made open. Be that as it may, once she’d wear it-the discourteousness, twice over-to wonder in it, giggling, deriding us to our face with what she’d done† (Sophocles 1154). He considers Antigone’s act an affront t o the lord without thinking about that she needs to give her sibling the correct entombment to respect him as ruler. That clarifies why he was so cruel in his decision to execute her by starvation. Antigone realizes that she is doing what’s right and she gives up to her fate to be slaughtered. Then again she appears to decline to be slaughtered by Creon, that’s why she murdered herself as though she considers executing herself more respect than Creon murders her. The last impediment that faces Antigone is her darling, Haemon, who was Creon’s child and who was miserable that he’s going to lose his pride. Antigone contemplates her darling. She doesn’t need to kick the bucket and leave him since she cherishes him to such an extent. She is between two troublesome choices. One of them is in the event that she chooses to step on what she puts stock in and disregard her regarded sibling to remain with her darling, the other choice is to leave her sweetheart and to pass on for what she puts stock in. Antigone doesn’t consider her satisfaction; she preferably bites the dust due to what she has confidence in over remains with Haemon. She defeats this snag by choosing to murder herself. Haemon, then again, was utilized by Gods to rebuff Creon for his demonstrations. He was not persuaded with his father’s activities. Haemon states, â€Å"I see my dad insulting equity wrong† (Sophocles 1161). He proceeds with his discussion asking â€Å"Protect your privileges? At the point when you stomp on down the distinctions of the gods?† (Sophocles 1611). Haemon understands the way that his dad doesn’t acknowledge, is that he disrespects the divine beings. Haemon needs to disclose to Creon that regardless of what happened don’t defy or slight the divine beings. Something else Haemon understands that Creon doesn’t understand that there is more impressive power than Creon’s power which is the divine beings power. Creon believes that he has a definitive force and authority that’s why he can’t see Haemon perspective. Haemon goes to Antigone’s grave and he couldn’t see her executes herself in the front of him, so he murders himself. In the play, Antigone faces a great deal of impediments, and she conquers them all. She doesn’t surrender, and once she feels that the king’s authority will cut her down, she chooses to end her own life as opposed to the bad form framework does. She is deciding to do what she feels is correct, regardless of what the laws of the realm says. She is inspiring by her commitments towards her family, and by her own convictions. She first faces her sister who is against her from the earliest starting point, since she fears Creon’s orders. Antigone pardons her sister from covering her sibling with her. Second hindrance Antigone faces is the thorough ruler, Creon, who provides his severe requests that whoever cover Polynices will pass on. Antigone doesn’t care about Creon’s orders; she realizes the results will be capital punishment, yet she stands courageously before Creon. The last hindrance Antigone faces is her darling who is so enamored with her and he can’t see her dieing. Antigone likewise can’t see her darling cries and she can’t leave him also. This is the most troublesome hindrance that faces Antigone. At last she murders herself when she finds that it’s more respect to slaughter herself than Creon executes her. Antigone realizes that she will pass on for what she did. She put what she puts stock in before her and penances her own life to do what’s right.

The Journal of Community Informatics

Presentation The world has seen a great deal of catastrophic events to endure forever. These calamities leave us with ‘spill over’ impacts that could keep going for a long time. Our assets are drained; we lose billions worth of property and resources and, to top it all off, we lose incalculable lives. These can be ascribed to the ineptness of a nation in confronting the outcome of cataclysmic events. The degree of demolition after a catastrophic event depends on the greatness of the calamity, yet on the nature of framework development and fiasco readiness in territories where these debacles tend to hit.Anderson Cooper, a correspondent during Hurricane Katrina’s wake in the United States says that hunger, dead bodies left in the city and the harms done on properties show what ineptness can do. Lakoff includes that â€Å"we are not prepared† for different appalling occasions that may follow, regardless of whether tornado or tropical storm or flood. It is basi c for us to realize how to plan and what sort of cataclysmic event we have to get ready for (06). Be that as it may, there is by all accounts poor coordination between the neighborhood and focal government with regards to getting ready for these disasters.Debates resulted about who does its obligations and who doesn't. Coordination between these two offices must be built up in the event that we are to limit or be set up for any occurrences (Tufton 05). Gurstein (05) says that transmission of data is significant in being set up for the fiascos. He includes that whatever innovative methods accessible should clear a path for yields that can be deciphered and utilized viably at the nearby level. Also, cautioning frameworks and readiness ought to be upheld even in the nearby level to permit the networks to â€Å"absorb and adjust such data into ways that could be locally useful.† According to the constructionist evaluate, composed cases making exercises produce methods of characte rizing and marking characteristic dangers and fiascos. This implies social procedures that offer method to state funded training about catastrophes are critical to comprehend the calamities and not exactly what occurs or could occur. For example, one examination of the quake issue shows how sees on the seriousness of the tremor danger and methodologies for overseeing seismic hazard were an aftereffect of a little gathering of seismic tremor establishment.Moreover, the institutional interests of logical orders which center around the investigation of quakes channel the social development of the tremor issue. The constructionist point of view centers around the significance of discovering the social exercises that intrigue gatherings and partners draw in with while additionally concentrating on debacle related issues and searching for the reaction they need from governments and establishments. In addition, the constructionist see says that the properties of debacles are not natural in the marvel but rather are the result of social definition.Following the calamities which struck Japan, different occasions that have to do with disappointments of innovation and of mechanical control frameworks have affected Japan to such an extent. Yet, on account of fiasco explore custom, debacles don't result from the disappointment of frameworks to adjust to ecological boundaries. Quakes in Japan Natural debacles are occasions which lead to ominous results. These incorporate seismic tremors, torrents, floods, volcanic emission, typhoons, storms, tornadoes and some more. Quakes are tremors, or developments, of the earth’s surface brought about by the arrival of worry along flaw lines.This arrival of stress produces development in masses of rocks which in the end prompts stun waves. The Richter scale was created to quantify the greatness of seismic waves. Be that as it may, regardless of whether there were looks into and gear intended for the seismic tremor, still it is di fficult to foresee a quake. It is inescapable that more quakes will visit Japan over and over. Japan has encountered catastrophic events more than some other nation, seismic tremors being the most widely recognized in view of the country’s land position. It is arranged in a zone where one plate is being constrained underneath another plate.Moreover, it is the gathering purpose of two bits of the monster Pacific plate, which move in various headings close by one another. These makes quakes visit Japan frequently. The majority of these are minor, in spite of the fact that there are solid seismic tremors every once in a while. It is the solid quakes that the specialists and open authorities were worried about. Japan got one of the main nations in creating innovations to anticipate the event of tremors. Satellite remote detecting advances would now be able to screen the earth and give premise to debacle warning.More progresses in the presentation of the systems administration adv ances have made it conceivable to open new open doors for the use of information accumulated. Be that as it may, expectation and conjectures of quakes are as yet not extremely exact. Other regular and successive catastrophes, then again, can be guage and anticipated all the more without any problem. However, the most significant thing is that arranging ought to be done to relieve the impacts of these fiascos. Maybe one of the most noticeably terrible seismic tremors to hit Japan occurred during September of 1923, in Tokyo and Yokohama.The quake harmed hundred thousand homes and structures, and the flames that followed had more harm done. More than one hundred and forty thousand individuals died during this shudder. The warmth of the flames additionally caused tornado-like breezes. Others passed on in light of the fact that the flames sucked all the oxygen in the territory. The later seismic tremor to be recorded was on January 17, 1995 in Kobe, Japan. The seismic tremors started in the thickly populated regions before sunrise. The Kobe seismic tremor, estimated 7. 2 shindo, pulverized recently manufactured and old foundations, barriers, ports, slaughtered individuals and made attacking flames that were out of control.Japan’s Preparedness and Monitoring Being set up for any catastrophe doesn't stop after a fiasco cruised by. It is a consistent procedure. It expects individuals to put forth attempts. The general population and its legislature must be decidedly ready, particularly with regards to adapting to these occasions. The need to limit, if not to absolutely kill catastrophes and the conceivable delayed consequences, initiated the numerous inquires about and considers which in the long run prompted the innovation and improvement of a wide cluster of frameworks and mechanical devices accessible today. This further improved the readiness arrangement of Japan.With the utilization of hello tech hardware, Japan made a point to raise structures that are ca tastrophe safe. Besides, structures and homes can be strengthened economically to the individual, organization, or state to withstand the impacts of quakes or different catastrophes. Correspondence additionally got significant in all parts of being readied. Fortunately, the Internet encouraged upgraded correspondence and trade of data. Correspondence among governments and offices got simpler and quicker. Japan accepts that it is one key factor in the accomplishment of their readiness system.Many meetings were held which talked about different themes that worry mechanical frameworks and headways for estimating catastrophic events. Japan has financed numerous explores and ventures with regards to avoidance of catastrophes. There has been an instruction for cataclysmic event readiness in Natural Asia-Pacific, which centers around social affair, creating and dispersing data. The Japanese nation has improved its readiness framework by constantly examining and contemplating advances to sc reen the conceivable event of characteristic disasters.Several advances have been adjusted to screen any strange conditions. The utilization of Internet and satellite information for observing and anticipating common perils turned into the establishment for some Japanese organizations to keep away from any horrible results. Japan’s readiness framework comprises of directing activities and activities to screen and get ready for seismic tremors. The National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA) built up the I-Space Project for catastrophe the board. The undertaking utilizes space innovation for observing calamity and data networking.It targets cataclysmic events, especially huge scope tremors in Tokai. It creates test framework and behaviors pilot tests utilizing Jet-plane and helpful cameras. These mechanical headways end up being useful in doing what they were intended for. Benson and Clay state that â€Å"natural risks warrant progressively genuine thought in the plan of national monetary approaches and strategies† (04). Arranging and appraisal must be done to lessen any hazard. Directly as of now, a huge number of discrete mechanical apparatuses are being utilized around the world.These devices are not intended to converse with one another. Be that as it may, in the event that they are connected as an arrangement of greater frameworks, the advantages will be a long way from what we can set out to trust. Because of the way that individuals around the globe will profit, there is a requirement for a pressing improvement of a thorough worldwide framework. This will empower nations to spare billions of dollars. The repercussions of what occurred in Kobe in 1995 advises the Japanese to consistently be set up for what may occur. They realize it will occur, yet not when or where (Petersen 07). This is the place the mechanical instruments will be helpful.The utilization of satellite in observing assumes a significant job in uncovering land structur es, for example, dynamic flaws, which focuses to the developments of various zones of the Earth surface. Certain mechanical advancements have likewise helped vulcanologists to be adept at anticipating when a specific well of lava will eject, and this additionally prompts expectation of a seismic tremor that may follow. Satellite pictures would uncover any dynamic blames that may be associated with tremor focuses. There are additionally a few techniques for direct including of flaw parameters in seismic

Friday, August 21, 2020

At The First Of The Year Miss Schoonmaker Asked Us If We Thought Ameri

At the first of the year Miss Schoonmaker inquired as to whether we suspected America was a triumph or not. This made me think what are we going to discover that will make us figure our nation isn't a triumph? Well during the time I learned things that caused me to trust America isn't a triumph. Things that made me not have confidence in America were the manner by which we conflict with things we vow. Like the Constitution and how we treated blacks in the Civil Rights time. Another model is the American dream. The Dream was totally revolved fundamentally around cash. Has it not been said that cash is the foundation of all malicious? Do we truly put stock in a nation that is dream is shrewd? I accept the idea of the American dream brought us into common war. The North and the South both had their perspectives on what the American dream was. The Northern States needed the American dream accomplished for the entire nation to be mechanical, abolitionist subjugation, and very federalist. Upon these foundations they intended to make the U.S. a predominant country on the planet. The South needed to accomplish a similar extreme objective for the U.S. be that as it may, with rural, master bondage, and states power foundations. These are the contrasts between the two sides in accomplishing the American Dream. So as to determine the irreconcilable situation, North and South needed to do battle to demonstrate prevalence in this way demonstrating which side is the city upon the slope wherein the losing side would follow. The American dream later made us fabricate suburbia like Levittown where the nation was attempting to make every one of us the equivalent. We had a similar house si mply unexpected hues in comparison to every other person. This all raised the issue of congruity. America was attempting to satisfy a perfect that was not making sure about the endowments of freedom. In the best record at any point composed the initial condition is a huge falsehood. It says we will ...establish equity, guarantee residential peacefulness, accommodate the regular protection, advance the general government assistance, and secure the favors of freedom to ourselves and our posterity... Justice was not appeared as a rule where a white individual had murdered a dark individual and everybody realized the white individual was liable, yet to not experience the ill effects of censuring the all white jury conceded. This was the situation in the Emmit Till preliminary. Emmit addressed a white woman and soon thereafter the white women's better half and companion kidnaped Emmit and beat him with a homerun stick. Later Emmit was found in a stream. Everybody realized what had happened to Emmit and who had murdered him however the white people who slaughtered him got off. They later admitted executing Emmit Till and nothing was finished. How is Justice guaranteed when we can't get a reasonable preliminary? In the word reference it says that an adjudicator ought to have a feeling of equity. not the slightest bit was the United states satisfying the perfect of building up equity. How is the Nation safeguarding household serenity on account of Elian Gonzalez? Is breaking into a house in the night with weapons attracted to take a multi year old kid safeguarding national smoothness? We have an image of a man with an automatic weapon in Elians' face. The Nation woke up to the news in a hullabaloo. Demonstrators walked for a considerable length of time outside of Elians' House. On the off chance that we were attempting to keep the country quiet for what reason would we accomplish something like this? That isn't the best approach to develop our notoriety. In the event that we are attempting to be the city on a slope to every single other nation for what reason accomplish something like this? That isn't guaranteeing smoothness in the Nation. Our country has bombed regarding the matter of decent variety. The word assorted variety is firmly identified with separation. Both mean or have something to do with individuals of various race, religion, or sex. It has been said the more various a thing is, the more quality it have. Than for what reason did America have such an issue with blacks? The south particularly segregated the blacks and wouldn't go to indistinguishable schools from the blacks, drink from

Prosecution Versus Defense free essay sample

There are notable individuals in the ill-disposed framework utilized through the United States. The resistance counsel alluded to as the safeguard lawyer, renders benefits in the interest of the prosecuted and shows lawful barrier for the customer, and quest for lawful legitimization when fitting. The other portion of the safeguard counsel is the examiner. Arraigning lawyers is a specialist for the general population, ideally not individualized individuals, and in degree is responsible for giving and presenting the state case confronting litigants in criminal and common court (Meyer amp; Grant, 2003). The capacity of the examiner fundamentally pivots around guaranteeing that blame doesn't go unpunished, the assignment of the barrier lawyer encompasses the need to guarantee that the lawfully honest are not seen as blameworthy and that the authority of the state has an antagonistic partner to ensure some degree of genuineness is spoken to for people. Both the examiner and the protection lawyer are equipped of taking care of plentiful circumspection inside their legitimate obligations. We will compose a custom paper test on Arraignment Versus Defense or on the other hand any comparable theme explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page The investigator could be considered to have fitting capacities at their accessibility which include less limitations contrasted with the discretional abilities of the resistance lawyer. The investigator handles bottomless attentiveness in concluding whether to initially pursue a case and quickly charge the blamed. They may discover what to offer the protection when a supplication deal is settled and have the ability to drop and re-document charges when it is suitable to do as such. Examiners might be occupied with level indictment or where there are a few investigators might be doled out to the case all through each lawful stage, or vertical arraignment, where there will be a solitary examiner finishing the case each legitimate stage (Meyer amp; Grant, 2003). There are numerous parts to the obligations of the barrier lawyer. While speaking to the charged all through the case, they may participate in differing exercises which may in the long run influence the final product of the case. A few exercises incorporate lawfully educating the litigant on what course regarding move they should make so to have a palatable decision, speaking to their customer at court appearances, keeping customer lawyer secrecy and furthermore significant preparing for their customer safeguard. The arraignment has the assignment of demonstrating the blame of the respondent past a sensible uncertainty, and the protection isn't required to build a resistance typically do as such (Meyer amp; Grant, 2003). The investigator has more administrative work than the resistance lawyer. The investigator works all the more intimately with law implementation when social event subtleties and proof for the body of evidence against the charged.

Friday, July 3, 2020

Rethinking Rural to Urban Migration in the South Article Critique - 275 Words

Rethinking Rural to Urban Migration in the South Article Critique (Article Critique Sample) Content: NameInstitutionLecturerCourseDate Headed for Louisville: Rethinking Rural to Urban Migration in the South, 1930-1950. Journal of Social History, 40.2 (2006), 407-430.The article is titled Headed for Louisville: Rethinking Rural to Urban Migration in the South, 1930-1950. Journal of Social History, volume 40, issue number 2 (Winter2006), pages 407-430 and has been written by Adams Luther. The author Adams Luther was an assistant professor and he associated with the University of Washingtonian Tacoma. Adams Luther had PhD in history from the University of Pennsylvania. Before studying for his PhD, Luther had a B.A in History from the University of Louisville. Adams Luther has written different historical articles including those on African American history. Other articles by Adams Luther include Way up Louisville, Visitations, and The Place Where You Go to Listen (Mari 4). The article Headed for Louisville: Rethinking Rural to Urban Migration in the South, 1930-1950 is about the rural urban migration of more than 17000 immigrants. The article starts from the point at which migration from the rural south to urban south was at its peak, and the rate of unemployment was increasing. The focus of the article was on the necessity of perception of African Americans. Author wants the readers to understand the uniqueness of the second grate migration which is due to an increase black American population. Unlike the other migration, Luther wants the readers to realise the fact that most of the migrants were from urban places and not from the south. In addition, the reader has to understand the patterns of migrations involving African Americans as it offers a good analysis of the urbanisation process of African Americans. Furthermore, there is the need to understand the various challenges that were faced by the African Americans during their migration from the southern and urban places. For example, the writer notes that unemployment problem was among the ma jor ones facing migrants (Luther 410).The main point of view of the author is that challenges of unemployment were faced by both African Americans from rural south and urban south. Hence, the author does not present an alternative point of view since in the whole article he focused on the immigration of black Americans. Although the article lacks a well-structured research question or thesis statement because it starts from the middle, the flow of ideas is logical. When a person reads from one paragraph to the other, it is possible to connect the ideas of the writer and understand the main theme of urban migration and the challenges of the second great migration. This implies that the paragraphs are smoothly structured and not biased. In order to make the readers understand and appreciate the points, the author uses tables to demonstrate the immigration patterns in some parts of the country. For example, table 1.3 shows the migration percentages of African Americans in selected citi es. This is aimed at enhancing the understanding of the reader on the theme of migration and its challenges. The author follows a geographical organisation of the work as well as thematic organisation. For example, the author has presented the migration of black Americans in different parts of the south and in other parts of America. Although the author focuses on migration, he is more concerned on the challenges facing migration for African Americans. He focuses on the theme of migration in the south mostly. This enables him to set his ideas in a sequential manner making it easy for the reader to flow from one idea to another. In order to support his arguments in the article, the author has used various sources, a combination of references including books, journals, interviews on African American migrations in the south and the challenges faced by migrants. The variation of the sources lies in the fact that they are comprised of different types. This means that the author did not e ntirely depend on a particular type of reference such as journals or books, but on a combination of different sources in order to validate and support his arguments. ...

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Essay on Licensure of “Bachelor Level Social Workers”

Essay on Licensure of â€Å"Bachelor Level Social Workers† Abstract Social workers have become increasingly important in the modern societies especially those governed by democracy. This is because welfare states have realized the important link that social workers form between the leadership and the governed. Through them, political and economic goods in the state are allocated to the community making it possible for individuals to enjoy the results of their technology, political, social and economic gains. The recent problem has been the presence of many players in the sector. Some students who enroll for licensure of bachelor level social workers have a sufficient amount of internship and field deployment while other colleges have not implemented the same practice in their institutions of higher learning. Hence, there has been a need to differentiate these categories of applicants so that those who have some sufficient experience levels can undergo lesser amount of time that their counterparts. Key words: (license, bachelor level, limited license and social work) Stage 1: Getting Involved Licensure as a bachelor level social worker is personally important when in the job market looking for a job in the contemporary society where getting a job is becoming increasingly becoming more difficult with each passing day. Before getting licensed, all the licensing boards across the various states require that one should have done a field replacement or internship. This is both personally and professionally important in that this carries the power and weight of paid employment and hence counts as the much needed experience in ones resume. Therefore, during job interviews, relating that experience become important and necessary in attaining that dream job. The job market has changed a lot in the past few decades because unlike in the past, current prospective employers are increasingly being interested on ones skills and experience on the job you are asking for and not just limited to ones capability in the classroom. Therefore, on that personal level, licensure as a bachelor level social worker broadens and increases ones change of getting a job in the current frustrating job market. Professionally, by attaining that licensure, the accredited bachelor has to graduate on those programs that meet national standards for the course work, instructions and the faculty. This is important in developing and maintaining the quality of services offered by the social workers across the nation. This makes it possible for individuals from different areas or even states to be able to work together in various forums meant at maintaining the quality of the service in the nation. In a nutshell, on a personal level, the licensure means that I can get a good job in the sector relatively fast and easy and have the knowledge and experience to do it well. This is different from someone who has not been licensed as they face a relatively bigger challenge in the competition in attracting their required jobs and even bigger challenges in establishing themselves in those positions due to their limited experience on top of their classroom knowledge (Barker Branson, 2000). Most states mandate licensure for Bachelor Social Work (BSW) because the stakeholders have realized its immense value. For professional values, the stakeholders know that a plain bachelor’s level education is weak as an entry to the practice. In fact, majority of the boards do not recognize it as an entry level to the practice (Michigan, 2005). Hence, by requiring that candidates finish internships and or field placement before being accredited, the stakeholders in the sector are ensuring competency in the whole sector. In the end, it is the community that is receiving the service that ultimately benefits from this level of competency in social work in the communities. In winding up this stage, it has been realized that licensure as a bachelor social worker works for the benefit of both the individual and the social work profession as a whole. One gets that inner satisfaction that he/she is qualified and competent in their work while the profession as a whole reaps the benefit of improving and maintaining the quality of service that it is providing to the society. Due to the importance of the sector in the society, provision of utmost care and quality becomes important and the licensure of bachelor level social workers is important in attaining and maintaining those levels of competency expected by the recipient communities. This is in conformity to my values on doing something to the best of my ability if it is worth doing at all. Social work entails dealing with people who have feelings and ought to be treated with utmost care and respect. Stage 2: Understanding the Issue The issue is that in the recent past, degree graduates have been finding it extremely difficult in finding jobs in this economy and a bad market due to lack of experience on their professional careers. The social work sector is very important in every society and the need to set up standardized quality service has long been overdue. This is because the service covers all the members of the community irrespective of race, religion, sex and political affiliations among others (Lau, Krase, Morse, 2008). This affects the â€Å"new† practitioners, those who have recently wound up their social work bachelor degree in that it will assist them by providing them with the all important chance of putting what they have learned in the class into practice while still being guided closely in the early stages. Here, the bachelor’s license is limited in that it provides them with that opportunity of performing bachelor social works tasks at the supervision and guidance of the master’s social work. The full licensure comes after 4,000 hours of practice covered in at least 2 years during the supervised practice. It has further been broken down to those 4,000 total hours that in a year should not exceed 2,000. The limited license mentioned above is issued for a practice period extending for not more than 1 year and cannot be renewed after the period of 6 years (Neukrug, 2007). Therefore, one has to complete this licensure activity in 6 years or less. On top of being supervised by a master’s social worker, to ensure quality and effectiveness in attaining of the license, it has been regulated that one should not take more than 40 hours in a week. Whether in group or individual setting, 4 hours in a month should be dedicated to supervisory review with at least 1 hour being specifically set aside for individual review. The need to standardize and raise the quality of social work has not had a serious policy or solution attempts in the past. However rigorous this exercise is, it is positively geared towards helping both the individual social worker and the society benefitting (Kirst-Ashman, 2009). Surprisingly, both the liberals and the conservatives do agree that it is in the best interest that the policy should be implemented to the latter. Each state therefore has had to form a board to oversee the formulation and the implementation of the specified guidelines. On top of the solution outlined in bringing standardization and quality into social work, this discussion proposes a standard examination for the candidates across all the cooperating states after the 4,000 hours of field deployment. This would be a good indication that all the licensed social workers are level with each other. Hence, whichever state that the social worker may be called to serve, he/she will be better equipped with knowledge and experience to deliver quality service to the recipient community (Beaulieu, 2002). This is very important considering that job opportunities have become rare and one may often find a job in a different community from which they have lived and grown. One is left to wonder why it took so long to arrive at this wonderful solution that had been evading the sector for so long. Stage 3: Planning However good this policy has been, there has been a major problem that has been associated with the length of time that the various licensing institutions have mandated. To the majority of the candidates, the complaint has been that during their undergraduate studies, apart from the theoretical concepts learnt in class, ample time has been dedicated to gathering of experience that is however not indicated in the academic transcripts. This has raised the concern that recent graduates have some significant level of experience at some master’s level supervisors have reported (Roberts, 2009). These categories of trainees do insist that the limitation of time needed to attain the license is unrealistic. A whole two years seems like a lot of time to those social workers who insist they have a certain level of field experience. The solution seems to lie in a type of time differentiation that stakeholders should make to allow this category of practitioners to tale less time before they can be licensed, say about one year. However, the problem arises when trying to distinguish who has attained this level of experience. The primary approach to this distinction lies in a practical examination. The master’s supervisors from experience should exactly be able to gauge the level of practical experience among the â€Å"new† practitioners. Hence, in this standard practical exam, the supervisors should determine those who will be enrolled for a one-year period and those who require two years of field work. This plan can therefore be of benefit to those experienced candidates while still being capable of improving and maintaining the quality of service in the social sector. Of the 4 types of advocacy, I would use the social justice advocacy. By adoption of this advocacy, the series of actions that the plan would take in to highlight the social change expected from the licensure of bachelor level social workers to what â€Å"should be† instead of â€Å"what is.† This new social status would be more just and more decent (Kirst-Ashman, 2009). The earlier civilizations were characterized by a form of police states and autocracy but the contemporary society is governed of the basis of the consent of the people. Hence the welfare state would easily be capable of providing social-political goods through the social work. This advocacy is good and adequate because it gives venues of questioning the way in which social policies are administered, is engaging and inclusive, open to public argument, easy to propose solutions to the present policies in the sector and is important in targeting the political systems that are especially unresponsive to th e needs of the people. The goal of this advocacy is to engage the political systems in the welfare of the society considering that democratic governments operate under a social contract with the governed. Hence, political goods should easily be trickled to the society for this relationship and contract to work in the best interest of the governed society. The targets of the advocacy are the government through the relevant ministries and the community. The tactic here entails lobbying for education institutions to make it compulsory for every student in their social work faculties to undergo field practice. Also, through these faculties from different organizations, they can then lobby for reduction of the time needed to attain the unlimited license from the licensing boards. This would hasten the period between getting a licensure of bachelor level social workers and the licensure of master’s level social works which is the target of most candidates. Stage 4: Advocating As already pointed out, the authorities are often likely to ignore the bids of an individual in advocating for the proposed strategy. Therefore, to amass the power needed to arm-twist the boards, I would pass my message through the university and college faculties dealing in social work. The faculties are led by professors who apart from just being professors are political and social leaders in the government and the communities. Due to their influence, chances are that the boars will have no alternative but to listen to them. Experience has taught that governments and other authorities have to be pushed so as to listen. However, this being an academic and social agenda, demonstrations or other forms of mass groups may be a bit orthodox and the stakeholders may not agree (Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs, 2011). Hence, I would write and push the universities and college faculties to push the governments in return. In pursuing this avenue, I would convince the professors in the faculties that time has become of essence in pursuit of the license and as stakeholders, being the tutors to the students; they are capable of positively being involve in solving the problem. I would choose this avenue because despite its slowness, it is effective. History has showed that when dealing with the government authorities, since all of them are slow in implementing the advocacies forwarded to them, it is of utmost importance to ensure that the changes are thorough and conclusive. Therefore, the professors in the departments stand at this vantage position to bring authority and the needed credibility in this policy change. Due to their privileged position especially in matters relating to education, chances are that one will succeed in this agitation. A letter, or a couple of letters followed up by official visits with an accompanying professor would most likely do the trick. This may take a few trips to the offices of the boards with the need to explain some of the things explained in the letter by word of mouth. The main goal would be centered around the need to lessen the burden of qualification exerted on the candidates while never loosing the focus on the quality of service that it meant for the social consumers who ultimately need the services of a qualified professional social worker. My argument would thus be based on those grounds of proving that it is possible to minimize the 2-year period needed before attaining the license without compromising on t he quality of service. In case of delay further complications, I would agitate for the faculty to approach the top management across the various universities especially the Vice Chancellors who serve other important political, economic and social offices across the states. Past experience has proved that with the right argument and conviction, these are the necessary stakeholders who are crucial in setting up changes rolling in the social institutions. Stage 5: Evaluating To be realistic especially in the initial stages of the advocacy, I would consider it a success if the board gives the higher learning institutions a place in the determination of those students that have taken previous field experience activities and hence do not need to undergo the full two years. This is a big agenda and therefore every bit of it is a success and it is practically sensible to think that the full implementation may take half or a full decade (Manfield University, 2011). The final piece of success would lie when there would be a clear-cut policy that is clearly documented and published that gives the colleges and universities the mandate to forward the names of the candidates who have gone through their curriculum who need a two-year period and those who need a one-year period before they can be awarded with a licenses of bachelor level social worker. To determine whether my advocacy tactics based on social justice have been successful, I would take a survey across various communities. Since all this advocacy is geared towards provision of better quality services to the communities that the social worker may be commissioned to attend that often may be different from where they may have been brought up, interviews and questionnaires would be important in taking this surveys. This being an ongoing process, I would expect that the level of satisfaction should be increasing with each successive survey. By giving satisfaction levels among the members of the community, if I were to compare the results in a form of a graph, I would surely expect that the levels would be higher with each survey. The survey would be carried out twice per year so as to closely monitor the progress in the communities so that this change may not negatively affect the beneficiaries. Consequently, the survey would look at the satisfaction and qualification levels among the aspirant bachelor level social workers. This is because, being the principle agents distributing the government political goods as advocated by the principle of social justice, they are very critical in the level of care availed to the people. The analysis of the progress therefore would be based on these graphs that should show some linear progress. In case the graph shows a linear decline in the satisfaction of either the community members or the college graduates, a thorough look at the advocacy would have to be taken before it turns out to be a disaster in the making. Since no previous policy change similar to this has been taken before, the frequency of the survey would be very important (Dyeson, 2004). In evaluation of all the other methods of determining the progress of the adopted strategies, this presents the best method where no previous records exist especially considering this is a new form of advocacy. Also, due to the importance of the special position that the licensing boards take among the monitoring agencies, I would compare my monitoring method with those of the boards to see if they are both tallying. One cannot underestimate the legitimacy and the power that the boards have on the communities they serve and regulate. From study of the relevant data, it is clearly realized that the people have a lot of faith in the boards that have so far attained a commendable level of success. Therefore, they are to be brought on board in the monitoring process because they bring the legitimacy needed to every project that is directed towards the communities in each state. Stage 6: Ongoing Monitoring Ongoing monitoring is very important for any project because it prevents backsliding of the gains attained as a result of the advocacy. From previous experience, among the people administering change, some roles have come to be counterproductive in administration of change. One of those roles has been the refusal by the authorities to accept other related degrees for entrant applicants for the limited license in each group, be it at the bachelor’s or master’s level. Other related degrees that are closely related to this degree are community development degree and nursing. Both these qualified individuals closely work with various groups in the society and the fact that the authorities are refusing new applicants from entering the programs for licensure of bachelor level social workers from these two programs should be revised (Beaulieu, 2002). The essence of the limited license for the first one year is that applicants can show competence before being allowed to proceed to the next year. If individuals from these two other degree programs can prove that they are competent to proceed, they should be allowed to enroll on an ongoing monitoring process. Like all other social projects, this process faces funding shortcomings not because the money is not available but due to the bureaucratic red-tape that characterizes all the programs that enjoy government or local authority funding. The lack of political backing may prove to be costly in relation to time because it would consume a lot of time trying to identify a reliable leader to agitate for our funding. This is not to ignore the fact that with the proper channels funding should come but the fact that those official channels are slow and the presence of a notable policy implementer or political leader would hasten the process of accessing funds. The continuous monitoring of change should be the responsibility of the boards that are licensing the candidates. This is because they have the adequate funds that can sustainably be used in the monitoring process (Karen, Brewer, Carlson, 2008). The ability of the board to continually monitor the progress is due to the reliable funding that the boards already enjoy from the authorities and even the federal government. Just like any other policies that have been witnessed before, if the changes failed to be implemented, I would start afresh the process of policy formulation after doing the necessary corrections. Policies have almost the same cycle of formulation that originates when a problem is realized with a policy ending at the point where the policy is implemented. In case of failure for implementation, a totally different approach of solving this issue would be started or the necessary corrections would be made on the initial solution after negotiations among the stakeholders.